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The Official Scientific Journal of Delhi Ophthalmological Society
Accreditation of Eye Hospitals – A Review
Nirmal Fredrick T*, Sunitha Nirmal
Nirmals’ Eye Hospital Pvt. Ltd
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Corresponding Author:
T. Nirmal Fredrick
Eye Surgeon & Managing Director
Nirmals’ Eye Hospital Pvt. Ltd
1058, Ayyasamy street, West Tambaram
Chennai 600045, TamilNadu, India    
&
Principal Assessor
National Accreditation Board for Hospital and Health Care Providers (NABH)
Quality Council of India.      
Email: nirmalfred@hotmail.com
Published Online: 01-DEC-2014
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.91
Abstract
Every day more than a million people are treated safely and successfully in our Hospitals. However the advances in technology and understanding of many diseases have created an immensely complex healthcare system. This complexity brings risks, and evidence shows that things will and do go wrong in our hospitals. Medical Errors can cause devastating emotional and physical consequences for patients and their families. For the staff involved too, incidents can be distressing, while members of their clinical teams can become demoralised and disaffected. Safety incidents also incur costs through litigation and extra treatment. Quality of health care and the initiatives taken to address various risk and safety issues in the hospitals have become a subject of debate. External assessment is increasingly used to regulate, improve and market health care providers, especially hospitals. The commonest models are peer review, accreditation, statutory inspection, ISO certification and evaluation against the ‘business excellence’ framework. Each of these is progressively adapting to meet the changing demands of public accountability, clinical effectiveness and improvement of quality and safety, but the most rapid development is in accreditation. This review article focusses on the standards for accreditation in India, approach to implementation, documentation, costs and Benefits. 
Keywords : • accreditation • standards • eye hospitals • quality of healthcare • structure • process • outcomes
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