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The Official Scientific Journal of Delhi Ophthalmological Society
Current Concepts in Operative Room Sterilisation
Chanchal Gupta, M.Vanathi, Radhika Tandon
Cornea & Ocular Surface, Cataract & Refractive Services,Dr R P Centre,
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
New Delhi 110029
Corresponding Author:
Chanchal Gupta
Eye Surgeon & Managing Director
Senior Resident, Cornea & Ocular Surface, Cataract & Refractive Services
Dr R P Centre,
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029
Email: chanchalgupta.aiims@gmail.com
Published Online: 01-MAR-2015
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.106
Abstract
Endophthalmitis is the most dreaded complication of any intraocular surgery. The source of these infections can be endogenous or exogenous. By sterile environment in operation theatres major part of such exogenous infections can be controlled. OT should be divided into four zones named protective, clean, aseptic and disposal zones. Proper ventilation, air circulation, temperature, maintenance of sterile environment in operation theatres plays key role in prevention of such infections. Steps for maintaining sterile environment include cleaning and disinfection of operation theatres by various means like chemical disinfection or disinfection with ultraviolet radiation. Along with this surgical instruments also can be a source of exogenous infections. So cleaning, lubrication, packing and sterilisation of instruments are essential for prevention of surgical site infections.
Keywords : • operating room • sterilisation • operating theatre • fumigation • OT structure • ventilation
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