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The Official Scientific Journal of Delhi Ophthalmological Society
Ocular manifestations of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension

Corresponding Author:
Rahul Navinchandra Bakhda MS
Rachana, 2 New Gulabnagar Society,
B/H Swaminarayan Temple,
Raiya Road, Rajkot – 360 007.Gujarat, India.
Email: bakhdaeyecareclinic@yahoo.in

Received: 15-JUL-2014 Accepted: 9-NOV-2014 Published Online: 30-SEP-2015
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.144
Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) can have grave consequences for both mother and foetus. Ocular involvement is common in majority of cases of PIH. Most common symptoms are blurring of vision, photopsias, scotomas, and diplopia. Ocular involvement includes conjunctival vascular anomalies, hypertensive retinopathy, exudative retinal detachment, vitreous and pre-retinal haemorrhages, ischemic optic neuropathy and hypertensive choroidopathy. This review discusses the ophthalmic manifestations of PIH with special emphasis on retinal changes. The ocular vascular changes have been said to correlate with the severity of hypertension and ophthalmic examination is very helpful for evaluation, diagnosis and prompt management.
Keywords : pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH), pre eclampsia, eclampsia, ocular manifestations, fundus changes, ophthalmoscopy
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