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The Official Scientific Journal of Delhi Ophthalmological Society
Epidemiological Study of Eye Diseases in Primary School Children in Private Schools in Vindhya Region
Eva Rani Tirkey1, Neha Adlakha2
 1Department Of Ophthalmology, S.S.Medical College, Rewa, Madhya Pradesh, India
 2Department Of Ophthalmology, S.H.K.M Government Medical College, Nalhar, Mewat, India
Corresponding Author:
Neha Adlakha 
MS
Assistant Professor,
Department Of Ophthalmology, 
S.H.K.M Government Medical College, 
Nalhar, Mewat, India
Email id: Neha.Adlakha777@Gmail.Com
Published Online: 30-JUL-2018
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.382
Abstract
Timely diagnosis and treatment of ophthalmic disorders in children is vital to meet the challenges of childhood blindness. 
Objective:- To know the pattern and prevalence of ophthalmic diseases prevalent in primary school children studying in private schools of Vindhya region. 
Materials & Methods:- This study was conducted on 1300 students studying in private schools of Vindhya region. Detailed history was obtained from the children with respect to the age, sex, gender, class, row in class and presence of any known ocular disorder. A comprehensive ocular examination was carried out including visual acuity, pen torch examination, slit lamp biomicroscopy, cover-uncover tests, extraocular movements, retinoscopy and fundus examination. 
Results:- A total of 1300 children were screened. Overall male to female ratio was 1.27:1. The mean age was 7.5 ± 1.25 years. The most common ocular disorder found was refractive errors (41.38%), allergic conjunctivitis (18.5%), corneal opacity (14.4%) and squint (8.4%). Other eye disorders were glaucoma (5.6%), ptosis (4.9%), color blindness (3.6%) and stye (2.9%). Myopia (43.68%) was the most common spherical refractive error detected while myopic astigmatism was the most common type of astigmatic errors. Mixed astigmatism was the least common error (8.53%) observed. 
Conclusion:- We concluded that ophthalmological screening programmes can identify previously undiagnosed ocular problems in the primary school age children. Thus, it is worthwhile to conduct ophthalmological screening programmes for primary school children along with immediate referral and follow up. 
Keywords : Vindhya, extraocular, retinoscopy, myopia, astigmatism
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