Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

Management Of Stargardt’s Disease Through Ayurvedic Science

Santosh Kumar Shaw, Apoorva M. N., Sujathamma K.
Shri Kalabyraveshwara Swamy Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Vijayanagara, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.


Corresponding Author:

Santosh Kumar Shaw
BAMS
Final Year Post Graduate Scholar, 
Shalakyatantra (Ophthalmology)
Shri Kalabyraveshwara Swamy Ayurvedic 
Medical College, hospital and Research Centre, 
Vijayanagara, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Email id: sanju.shaw@gmail.com


Published Online: 30-APR-2018
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.360

Abstract
Stargardt’s disease is a hereditary disorder of the retina. There is a gradual loss of vision during childhood or adolescence and in a few cases, vision loss may be noticed in adulthood. Involvement of photoreceptor cells presents slow loss of central vision, distorted vision and reduced color vision. Mutations in ABCA4 gene following accumulation of lipofuscin within the retinal pigment epithelium is a causative factor of the disease. Beaten bronze reflex or Snail slime reflex from the macula is the typical clinical presentation.
The signs & symptoms like Avila darshana (Blurred vision) and Vyavidha darshana (distorted vision)which are mentioned in Ayurvedic classics in the context of the disease Timira, can be correlated with the clinical manifestation of Stargardt’s disease. Currently, there is no effective treatment in contemporary science for Stargardt’s disease except for gene therapy and stem cell therapy.
Hence, the present clinical study was undertaken in order to understand and manage the Stargardt’s disease, with Ayurvedic treatment modalities like Virechana (Therapeutic purgative), Tarpana (Ocular therapy used to treat posterior segment disorders) and Nasya (Errhine therapy). A 25 years old male patient diagnosed with Stargardt’s disease was advised to undergo Virechana with Trivrit lehyam (A linctus made of Operculina turpethum), Nasya with Ksheerabala taila (A medicated oil prepared from Sida cordifolia and sesame oil processed with medicinal herbs) and Tarpana with Mahatriphaladi ghrita (Medicated ghee prepared out of Emblica officinalis, Terminalia bellirica, Terminalia chebula and other medicated herbs) for a course of 26 days. There was marked improvement in vision after the treatment and the results proved to be significant on the basis of clinical assessment.

Keywords :Stargardt’s disease, ABCA4gene, lipofuscin, Timira, Virechana, Tarpana, Nasya