Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

Silicone Oil Induced Glaucoma

Madhu Bhoot, Ankita Agarwal, Suneeta Dubey, Julie Pegu, Monica Gandhi
Department Of Glaucoma Services, Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital, New Delhi, India

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.


Corresponding Author:

Madhu Bhoot 
MS
Consultant-Glaucoma Services,
Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital, 
New Delhi, India 
Email id: drmadhubhoot@gmail.com


Published Online: 30-JUL-2018
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.369

Abstract
Silicone oil (SO) is a vitreous substitute which is widely used to provide long term intraocular tamponade in retinal surgery. Transient or permanent rise in intraocular pressure is a common complication of silicone oil injection following pars plana vitrectomy. The underlying mechanisms include pupillary block, infiltration of the trabecular meshwork by silicone bubbles, trabeculitis, synechial angle closure, rubeosis iridis and migration of emulsified and non emulsified silicone oil into the anterior chamber. Most of the cases can be managed medically, however, surgical intervention in the form of silicone oil removal, trabeculectomy with or without Mitomycin C, glaucoma drainage implants and cyclodestructive procedures may be required in cases unresponsive to conservative management.

Keywords :silicone oil, glaucoma