Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

A Rare Case of Left Sided Anophthalmos with Congenital Cystic Eyeball with Right Sided Microphthalmos

Umesh Harakuni, Smitha K.S., Nagbhushan Chougule, Madhura Patil, Preetha Sudhakaran, Maria Sequeira Linda
Department of Ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum, Karnataka, India

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.


Corresponding Author:

Madhura Patil 
MS
Girnar Lab, Kolhapur, Sangli Road, 
Jaysingpur, Maharashtra - 416101
India
Email id: madhurapatil20.mp@gmail.com


Published Online: 31-JAN-2019
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.430

Abstract
Congenital cystic eye, also known as anophthalmos with cyst, is an extremely rare congenital anomaly, first described by Mann in 1939 with a prevalence of 3 per 1,00,000. Congenital micropthalmos is also a rare condition with prevalence rates of 1.4 - 3.5 per 10,000 births. The objective is to report a case of a 19 year old male who was born to non-consanguineous marriage, presenting with left sided anophthalmos with right sided microphthalmos, with horizontal nystagmus and healed perforated corneal ulcer. Differential diagnosis include encephalocele, dermoid cyst, congenital cystic eye and tumors. Early visual rehabilitation is advised.

Keywords :Anophthalmos, Microphthalmos, Congenital cystic eyeball