Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Glaucoma among Glaucoma Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Goa

Tanvi Poy Raiturcar1, Jagadish A. Cacodcar2,, Preksha Vernekar2
1, Department of Ophthalmology, Goa Medical College and Hospital, Goa, India
2, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Goa Medical College and Hospital, Goa, India

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.


Corresponding Author:

Tanvi Poy Raiturcar MBBS, MS, FICO
Senior Resident
Department of Ophthalmology
Goa Medical College and Hospital
NH17, Bambolim, Tiswadi, Goa - 403202, India
Email id: tanvi1491@gmail.com


Received: 09-JAN-2019 Accepted: 09-FEB-2019 Published Online: 05-MAY-2019
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.457

AbstractBackground: The global prevalence of glaucoma is about 67 million, and it is responsible for 6.6 million blind individuals in the world. It is important that the patients are fully aware of the nature of the disease and importance of adherence to therapy in order to prevent irreversible damage. We conducted this study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices about glaucoma among patients suffering from glaucoma.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, hospital-based study was conducted among 200 consecutive glaucoma patients presenting to the out-patient department at Goa Medical College and Hospital. The patients were administered a pre-tested proforma which contained 12 closed-ended questions by study investigators, in order to assess their knowledge, attitude and practices about glaucoma. The demographic and socio-economic details of the study participants were also studied.
Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 22 and expressed as simple percentages and proportions.
Results: The study showed that 79% patients were aware that they were suffering from glaucoma, 10% participants could briefly describe their disease, 66% were aware of the irreversible nature of glaucoma, 18% were aware of the familial nature of the disease, 56% felt the need for regular medications, 22% felt the need for regular visits to the ophthalmologist, 72% were using the antiglaucoma medications regularly, and 70% were following up regularly. Only 32% had brought theirfamily members for glaucoma screening.
Conclusion: Irreversible damage from glaucoma can be prevented with early detection and patient compliance. This is only possible by increasing the level of awareness about glaucoma and health education.

Keywords :Knowledge, Attitude, Practices (KAP), Glaucoma, Patients