Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Emergency Management of Ocular Chemical Injury Among Primary Responders

Umesh U. Harakuni,1 Nilesh Kumar,2 Niharika3
1Department of Ophthalmology, J.N. Medical College, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2Lotus Eye Hospital and Institute, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
3Netradhama Super Speciality Eye Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.


Corresponding Author:

Nilesh Kumar (DOMS, DNB )
Department of Ophthalmology, Lotus Eye Hospital and Institute, Coimbatore, India
E-mail: n.nilesh.kumar@gmail.com


Received: 20-JAN-2020 Accepted: 13-APR-2020 Published Online: 09-OCT-2020
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.568

Abstract
Introduction: Chemical injuries are considered as one of the true ocular emergencies where timely management can save vision and years of visual rehabilitation. Thus, knowledge of the injury and its management is very important for medical professionals as well as the general population.
Aim: This study aims to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of respondents from across the population about ocular chemical injuries.
Settings and Design: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over 1 month in a tertiary care hospital in Northern Karnataka.
Methods and Material: 60 respondents were divided into 2 groups. Respondents with various levels of medical training such as residents, casualty medical officers, and paramedical staff formed group 1, while group 2 constituted of site supervisors from workplace and family members of patients. Respondents were asked to answer a pre-formed multiple-choice questionnaire and the responses were noted and tabulated into an MS-Excel spreadsheet and were expressed in terms of percentage.
Results: Knowledge about the etiological agents was better in group 1, while both groups had a similar attitude towards the signs and symptoms of injury and the practice pattern of emergency management was better in group 1.
Conclusions: While better knowledge and practice of emergency management was shown by group 1, the attitude towards the signs and symptoms was similar in both groups. Variability among the group 1 respondents indicate a need for the formation of standard guidelines for the institutions dealing with ocular chemical injuries.

Keywords :KAP, chemical Injury, ocular Burns, chemical Burns, chemical ocular Burns