Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

Knowledge and Awareness of Eye Donation Among Students of a Nursing College in Gujarat

Pradnya Bhole, Bhavina Chaudhari, Jagruti Jadeja, Dipali Parmar, Parita Patel
M and J Institute of Ophthalmology, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.

Corresponding Author:

Pradnya Bhole (MS Ophthalmology)
M and J Institute of Ophthalmolgy, 
Near IOC petrol pump, Baliya Limbdi crossroads, Ahmedabad

Received: 24-JAN-2020 Accepted: 02-MAY-2020 Published Online: 09-OCT-2020

Purpose – To assess the awareness, knowledge and perception of nursing students regarding eye donation in a tertiary care hospital of Gujarat and to use this information to identify the possible interventions to increase the rates of eye donation.
Methods- A cross sectional observational study was conducted during the National eye donation fortnight 2018 with 142 first year and 138 second year nursing students to assess their knowledge and awareness regarding eye donation. The mean age of the participants was 20.92 ± 2.18 years. Data was collected using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire and analysed using Microsoft Excel 2010 and Med-calc software. 
Results - Awareness of eye donation was observed in a majority of 98.21% with the most common source of information being television (39%). Though 75.36% were aware that the ideal time of eye donation was within 6-8 hours of death, 60% had the misconception that it can be executed even before death. Though 87% knew about utilisation of eyes after donation, only 10% had the knowledge of eye donation done among their family or friends. A majority of 92.9% hadn’t pledged their eyes. 
Conclusion- The young nursing students can be the future torchbearers of eye donation campaign & their active involvement can make a vast difference in eradication of corneal blindness. The study revealed that though the students were aware of eye donation, there was a lack of proper knowledge & motivation amongst them. This highlights the need for educating them for this noble cause.

Keywords :Eye donation, knowledge, awareness, nursing students, motivation