Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

Role Of Social Media As A Catalyser For Ocular Injury: A Case Study Of Calcuim Carbide Gun Use In India

Namrata Kabra, Smriti Gupta
Department of cornea, Shri Ganapati Netralaya, Jalna, Maharashtra, India

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.


Corresponding Author:

Namrata Kabra, MS
Consultant and Head, Department of cornea, Shri Ganapati Netralaya, Jalna, Maharashtra 
Email: drnkabra@gmail.com


Received: 05-MAY-2020 Accepted: 20-MAY-2020 Published Online: 20-DEC-2020
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.593

Abstract
Introduction: Social media allows social growth of the society but has both advantages and disadvantages. We came across one such example where people are making calcium carbide guns after watching video, spreading through social media to get rid of animals and birds from their field. This in turn leads to blinding injuries in eyes. 
Purpose: To highlight this novel mode of eye injury and to create awareness among people to stop use of such dangerous calcium carbide guns that is leading to serious ocular injuries.

Material and Method: A prospective study of all cases of calcium carbide related ocular trauma reporting to our outpatient department (OPD). The demographic profile, severity of ocular injuries and management of cases were recorded.

Result: We studied 14 eyes of 13 patients with variable degree of ocular injury sustained due to calcium carbide exposure while mishandling calcium carbide gun. All of them were young males. Significant number of patients (30.7%) had grade V injury according to Dua’s classification.

Conclusion: Video of making calcium carbide guns floating in social media leading to serious ocular injuries. Awareness should be created among people to avoid making and using such dangerous weapons.

Keywords :Social Media, Videos, Calcium Carbide, Ocular Injuries

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