Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

A Cross Sectional Study To Assess Knowledge Of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma Among Medical Students

Gagandeep Kaur, Supritha C N, NR Gupta, Sumit Goyal
Department of Ophthalmology, GGS Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.


Corresponding Author:

Gagandeep Kaur
Assistant professor
Department of Ophthalmology
GGS Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India
Email: dr.gagan_simmy@yahoo.co.in


Received: 17-JUL-2019 Accepted: 28-DEC-2020 Published Online: 12-MAR-2021
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.624

Abstract
Objective: To assess the knowledge of primary open-angle glaucoma among medical students from tertiary health centre, Punjab. 

Methods: In this cross sectional study, we conducted a survey among medical students. The questionnaire had 11 questions about epidemiology, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and sequelae of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). The students were also asked if they considered their knowledge about POAG sufficient. Student’s characteristics (age, sex and intended area of specialization) were identified. 

Results: Women comprised 60% of the students. 45% of students gave the correct answer that glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. 48% of students identified POAG as having a genetic origin. Only 30% of students knew that POAG is asymptomatic and half of them (48%) knew that glaucoma blindness is irreversible. Many students (79%) correctly identified tonometry as an important tool for diagnosis and the glaucoma can be treated through medications (73%) or surgery (83%). Almost half of them (47%) considered their knowledge is insufficient. 

Conclusion: Almost half of the participants believe that their knowledge of POAG is insufficient. The results of this study showed that the basic knowledge of POAG among medical students is less. This gap can lead to some serious consequences from both individual (blindness) and collective (negative impact in health system and society) perspectives.

Keywords :Glaucoma, Poag, Medical Students, Blindness, Tonometry