Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

Factors Affecting Retinal Screening Among Patients With Diabetes In India

Goyal Karishma , Goyal Rambharos, Lunia Gautam
Department of Ophthalmology, Sawai Man Singh Medical College & hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.


Corresponding Author:

Karishma Goyal (MS) 
Sawai Man Singh Medical College Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
E-mail: drkarishma54@gmail.com 


Received: 09-APR-2020 Accepted: 05-MAY-2020 Published Online: 12-MAR-2021
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7869/djo.619

Abstract
Aim: to identify various factors affecting diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening rate and measures to overcome the barriers.

Methods: Patients visiting the eye OPD were enrolled in this study from January 2017 to December 2018. A total of 2242 patients participated in this study. A questionnaire was prepared to conduct the survey. Excluding patients (82) with missing responses for more than three questions, a final sample of 2160 participants yielded.

Results: Although 71.16% of participants reported that their physician suggested DR exam, only 54.16% were screened during the past 2 years. Majority of them gave reason that they didn’t know about the necessity of screening. Knowledge about DR, treatment of DR, risk factors of DR, and knowing the appropriate frequency to have an eye checkup for early detection of DR were significantly associated with receipt of a DR in the past 2 years (all P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Lack of awareness came out as major factor to be addressed. Information about the relationship between diabetes and retinopathy and concerns about damage to vision should be considered to promote DR screening.

Keywords :Diabetic retinopathy screening, knowledge, awareness