Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology

Ophthalmic manifestations of psoriasis

Kritika Katoch1, Ratan Kumar Sharma2, Vikram mahajan2, Rajeev Tuli2
1Department Of Ophthalmology, Zonal Hospital Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh, India.
2Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College Kangra, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Editor-in-Chief, Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology, Dr R.P.Centre, AIIMS.

Corresponding Author:

Kritika Katoch 
Medical Officer Ophthalmology
Department of Ophthalmology 
Zonal Hospital Dharamshala, Dist Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India

Received: 24-JUN-2020 Accepted: 03-AUG-2020 Published Online: 05-OCT-2021

Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory and proliferative condition of the skin associated with systemic manifestations. The relationship between the eye and psoriasis has been recognized for decades, but the precise eye manifestations in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are only recently coming to light. Ocular involvement occurs in 10% of patients with psoriasis. Ophthalmic manifestations include blepharitis, dry eye, meibomian gland dysfunction, nonspecific conjunctivitis, punctate keratitis, corneal recurrent erosions, vascularisation, ulceration, scarring and even melting . Anterior uveitis is another psoriasis associated manifestation involving 7% to 25% of patients with psoriatic arthritis. Retinal vasculitis, cystoid macular edema, and papillitis are other uncommon changes seen. Various topical and systemic therapies used to treat psoriasis too can affect eyes,which includes conjunctiva hyperaemia, dry eye, blepharitis, blepharoconjunctivitis, keratitis, corneal opacities, cataract, and deceased night vision.

Keywords :Psoriasis, Dry Eye, Blepharitis, Uveitis, Cataract, Psoriatic Arthritis